PhD vs PHD - The Four Levels of Management & The Artisan System

Updated: Aug 31

PhD vs PHD

The IUE is the ONLY institution that offers a credential in the 4th Level of Management ... and that is the level of management that focuses on change which is the nature of the future!

Doctors of Philosophy

/ˈdäktər əv fəˈläsəfē/ - noun

noun: PhD

  1. a doctorate in any discipline except medicine, or sometimes theology.

  • a person holding a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

plural noun: Doctors of Philosophy; plural noun: DPhils; plural noun: PhDs

People also ask - What is the full meaning of PhD?

PhD is short for Doctor of Philosophy. This is an academic or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the degree holder to teach their chosen subject at university level or to work in a specialized position in their chosen field.

The above conveys justification for appointing those who earn a post-graduate credential from the IUE to our Adjunct Faculty. At some point in time they may be asked to deliver a presentation, course, or discourse in the sphere of their expertise.



When one sees the credential PhD hanging on the wall, they see what they believe to be validation of the highest level of expertise achievable in a subject, specialty, field, or discipline. That is no longer the case when it comes to Entreprenology.

The discipline of Entreprenology now offers a Professional Higher Doctorate for those with a desire to earn professional certification offered exclusively by the IUE. A PHD is a Certified Visioneer; a credential confirming that the holder has earned the recognition that comes not only with perceiving a beneficial vision of the future but also having the skills necessary to engineer that vision into reality.

Dr. James R. Omps, founder of the IUE and the creator of the discipline of Entreprenology, identified 4 Levels of Management:


  1. Technical – Doing what we do (Supervisory)

  2. Operational – How are we doing (Middle Management)

  3. Institutional – What are we doing (Top Management)

  4. Entreprenological – What Should We Be Doing

Cake Metaphor: We know the ingredients but how do we put them together properly and in what proportions. Examples:

  • Coca Cola – what is the formula, and

  • KFC - 11 herbs and spices … but which ones?

Pat Goodman: “I taught you all you know about the process/product, but I didn’t teach you all I know about it.”


  1. Apprentice – BA or BS

  2. Tradesman – MBA or ME

  3. Journeyman – PhD

  4. Master - PHD

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